Types of Inverters for Home: A Comprehensive Guide

Views: 81     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-04-08      Origin: Site Inquire

As more homeowners in the United States seek alternative sources of power, solar energy has become increasingly popular. A solar power system typically consists of a solar panel, charge controller, battery, and inverter. The inverter is an essential component of any solar power system as it is responsible for converting the DC electricity produced by the solar panel into AC electricity that can be used to power household appliances.

This article will discuss the different types of inverters for home use, their features, and how to choose the right one to meet your total power requirements. We'll cover essential topics such as grid-tie, power factor, battery capacity, and ampere-hour ratings.


types of inverter from home


Types of Inverter for Home


There are several types of inverters available for use in home solar power systems. The most common types of inverters include:


Grid-tie Inverter:


A grid-tie inverter is designed to work with an existing electrical grid. It allows excess energy produced by a solar panel system to be fed back into the grid, reducing or eliminating the need for backup power. This type of inverter is ideal for homeowners who are interested in reducing their electricity bills and are connected to a reliable electrical grid.


Stand-alone Inverter:


A stand-alone inverter, also known as an off-grid inverter, is designed to be used in conjunction with a battery bank to provide backup power in case of a power outage. This type of inverter is ideal for homeowners who live in areas where power outages are common or for those who want to have a reliable backup power source.


Pure Sine Wave Inverter


Pure sine wave inverters are the most advanced and efficient type of inverter. They produce a smooth, sinusoidal waveform that is identical to the power supplied by the grid. So this type of inverter is ideal for sensitive electronic devices that require a stable power supply. They can run virtually any appliance such as computers, televisions, and medical equipment without causing damage or interference, making them the preferred choice for most homeowners.


Square Wave Inverter


A square wave inverter produces a waveform that is square-shaped. Square wave inverters are the most basic and least expensive type of inverter. They generate a simple square wave output that is suitable for running some low-sensitivity electrical devices, such as lighting and fans. However, This type of inverter is not commonly used in home solar power systems, as it can cause excessive heat and damage to sensitive electronics.


Modified Sine Wave Inverter:


Modified sine wave inverters are an improvement over square wave inverters, providing a waveform that is closer to a pure sine wave. These inverters can run a wider range of appliances and are more energy-efficient than square wave inverters. However, they may still cause issues with some sensitive electronics and may produce audible noise in devices like audio systems.


Pure Sine Wave Inverter


Pure sine wave inverters are the most advanced and efficient type of inverter. They produce a smooth, sinusoidal waveform that is identical to the power supplied by the grid. So this type of inverter is ideal for sensitive electronic devices that require a stable power supply. They can run virtually any appliance such as computers, televisions, and medical equipment without causing damage or interference, making them the preferred choice for most homeowners.


Features to Consider When Choosing an Inverter


When choosing an inverter for your home solar power system, there are several features to consider, including:


Total Power Requirements: The total power requirements of your home will determine the size of the inverter you need. It is important to choose an inverter that can handle the maximum power required by your home.

VA Rating of the Inverter: The VA rating of an inverter refers to the maximum power supplied by the inverter. It is important to choose an inverter with a VA rating that meets the power requirements of your home.

Volt-Ampere and Power Factor: The power factor of an inverter is a measure of how efficiently it converts DC power to AC power. It is the ratio of the real power (measured in watts) to the apparent power (measured in volt-amperes). A power factor of 1 indicates perfect efficiency, while a lower power factor indicates a less efficient device. Inverters with a higher power factor are more efficient and provide more usable power to your home.

Battery Capacity: If you are using a stand-alone inverter, it is important to choose a battery with enough capacity to power your home during a power outage. The battery capacity should be able to provide enough power to meet the maximum power requirements of your home for a specified amount of time.

Ampere-Hour and Volt-Ampere: Ampere-hour and volt-ampere are measures of the capacity of a battery. It is important to choose a battery with an adequate ampere-hour and volt-ampere rating to meet the power requirements of your home.


Choosing the Right Inverter


Choosing the right inverter for your home solar power system can be a daunting task. Here are some factors to consider when choosing the right inverter:

Power supplied: Determine the maximum amount of power you need for your home. This includes all appliances and electronic devices that will be powered by the solar panel system. Be sure to choose an inverter that can handle the maximum power requirement.

Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT): Some inverters come with MPPT, which allows solar panels to operate at maximum efficiency. The inverters offered by BSLBATT are built with multiple MPPTs to help maximize the power output of the solar panel system.

Efficiency: Look for an inverter with a high efficiency rating. This will help to maximize the amount of power generated by the solar panel system.

Manufacturers Warranty: It is important to choose an inverter from a reputable manufacturer that offers a warranty. The warranty should cover any defects or malfunctions that may occur during the life of the inverter.

Cost: Inverters can be expensive, so it is important to choose one that fits within your budget. However, keep in mind that a lower-priced inverter may not have all the features you need.

Grid-tied or Off-grid System: Another factor to consider is whether you want a grid-tied or off-grid system. A grid-tied system is connected to the utility grid and allows you to sell excess electricity back to the grid. An off-grid system, on the other hand, is not connected to the utility grid and requires an inverter and battery bank to provide backup power.

If you live in an area with a reliable utility grid, a grid-tied system may be the best option for you. This will allow you to save money on your electricity bill by selling excess electricity back to the grid. However, if you live in an area with frequent power outages, an off-grid system may be a better option.

Maximum Power Provided by Your Solar Panels: The maximum power provided by your solar panels is another important factor to consider when choosing an inverter for your home. Solar panels have a maximum power rating, which is the amount of power they can produce under ideal conditions.

You need to choose an inverter that can handle the maximum power provided by your solar panels. If your inverter is not powerful enough, you won’t be able to take full advantage of your solar panels, which can be a waste of money.


Inverter Batteries


If you are using a stand-alone inverter, you will need to use inverter batteries to store the electricity generated by the solar panel system. Inverter batteries come in different sizes and capacities. It is important to choose an inverter battery that has enough capacity to power your home during a power outage.

When choosing an inverter battery, consider the following:

Battery Capacity: Choose a battery with a capacity that meets the power requirements of your home. This includes the maximum power required by all appliances and electronic devices.

Ampere-Hour Rating: The ampere-hour rating of a battery is a measure of the amount of energy it can store. Choose a battery with an ampere-hour rating that meets the power requirements of your home.

Voltage Rating: The voltage rating of a battery should match the voltage output of the inverter.

Backup Power

If you are using a stand-alone inverter, you will have backup power in case of a power outage. However, the amount of backup power you have will depend on the size and capacity of your inverter battery.

To ensure that you have enough backup power, consider the following:

Battery Capacity: Choose an inverter battery with enough capacity to power your home during a power outage. The battery should be able to provide enough power for the maximum power requirement of your home for a specified amount of time.

Total Electricity Demand: Before choosing an inverter for your home, you need to determine your total electricity demand. This includes all the appliances and electronic devices that you plan to power with the inverter. You can calculate your total electricity demand by adding up the wattage of all the devices that you want to power at the same time.

For example, if you plan to power a refrigerator that requires 800 watts, a television that requires 100 watts, and some lights that require 50 watts, your total electricity demand would be 950 watts.

It’s important to choose an inverter that can handle your total electricity demand. If your inverter is not powerful enough, you won’t be able to power all your devices at the same time, which can be inconvenient and frustrating.


Change the World with a Good Inverter Supplier


In summary, choosing the right inverter is an important part of setting up a home solar power system. There are several types of inverters available, each with its own features and benefits. When choosing an inverter, consider the total power requirements of your home, the VA rating of the inverter, the power factor, the battery capacity, and the ampere-hour and volt-ampere rating of the battery.

It is also important to choose an inverter from a reputable manufacturer. At BSLBATT, what you worry about is what we care about, so not only do we offer up to 10 years of warranty service for our hybrid inverters, but accordingly we also provide technical and training services, in order to enhance our customers' professionalism and work together for renewable energy reform!

With the right inverter and battery, you can enjoy the benefits of a home solar power system, including lower electricity bills and backup power during a power outage.