While advances in technology have brought us a very high quality of life, we are still not immune to the damage that natural disasters can do to people's lives. If you live in a place where natural disasters frequently cause power outages, you may want to consider installing a set of home battery backups to power you when your grid is not working. These battery backup systems can consist of lead acid or lithium batteries, but LiFePo4 battery is the best choice for solar battery backup systems.
It's been 8 years since Tesla launched Powerwall Ⅰ in 2015 and with the booming solar industry, a very large number of brands of home battery backup systems have emerged, so if you haven't installed the right home battery yet, what are some of the top battery backup systems worth getting in 2023? We have recommended some well-known brands for you in this article.
There is no doubt that Tesla's 13.5kWh backup battery system still has an unassailable dominance in the home energy storage industry, and although his price is very high, the fact that the battery itself has a 13.5kWh capacity is a very worthwhile investment point.
Tesla Powerwall has more features, such as it is a complete AC lithium battery system, in the internal has been configured with an inverter, which means that any house with solar panels can easily use it! And the Tesla Powerwall can have up to ten expansions, so you can choose the number of batteries you need to suit your situation.
SonnenBatterie is a European solar battery manufacturer founded in 2010 in Germany, one of the first and oldest solar cell manufacturers. Unlike other brands, they specialize in the manufacture of LEP solar battery. sonnen solar battery has a 10 year warranty that guarantees operation for at least 10 years or 10,000 cycles, which is a very long time indeed.
Sonnen solar battery is highly flexible and can be installed on both AC and DC coupled systems. With the Sonnens 9.3 hybrid battery, you can install it into your home AC or DC system, making it a good choice for off-grid use. It is more expensive than Tesla, but its flexible design and high round-trip efficiency make it a favorite in Australia.
BYD is the largest manufacturer of rechargeable lithium batteries in China and has dominated the Chinese EV and battery storage market for some time. 2017 saw the release of BYD's B-Box series, which is also a home battery backup system using LiFePo4 technology and is compatible with well-known inverter brands such as SMA, Victron, Goodwe, etc.
The BYD B-Box uses a modular battery design and offers a variety of capacity options, for example, the BYD B-Box Pro 13.8 offers 13.8 kWh of usable storage capacity, a little more than the Tesla Powerwall. And the B-box is super scalable, with the ability to expand 32 identical systems. Not only that, but the B Box battery system's 12.8kW output stops many home battery suppliers in their tracks!
Developed in Korea, LG Chem lithium-ion batteries have become one of the world's most popular home batteries. LG RESU home batteries can be installed in grid-connected or off-grid PV systems and are one of the leading Tesla Powerwall replacements. The first generation of LG home batteries was launched in 2017 and has been developed to the third generation in 2021, extending the battery capacity from 9.6kWh to 16kWh.
Like many other home battery products, the LG Chem RESU is sized for everyday use in your home and is often paired with a home solar panel system, LG Chem highlights the RESU's compact size, ease of installation and safety as some of their key selling points.
Enphase Energy may be best known for their micro-inverters, Enphase has also released their own version of a battery storage system, the Enphase Ensemble. one of the biggest advantages offered by the Enphase home backup battery system is the Enpower Smart Switch, which simplifies grid-tied and off-grid functions for solar and storage.
Enphase currently offers two battery models, the Enphase Encharge 3 and Enphase Encharge 10, and their relatively light weight and small size is what makes them one of the most sought-after home batteries. the Enphase Encharge is also designed with a lithium battery modularity that can be expanded with up to four storage systems. They are also AC coupled and can easily be used with your home appliances.
SimpliPhi Power is a manufacturer of lithium iron phosphate batteries based in the United States. For most people, purchasing a SimpliPhi battery is a large investment, but SimpliPhi batteries are recognized by some of the industry's leading brands for the quality of their products with outstanding warranties.
The Phi 2.6 Smart-Tech battery with a nominal capacity of 2.6 kWh and a nominal capacity of 3.4 kWh are ideal for home battery storage systems, and both are available in 24V and 48V versions. installation.
BSLBATT is a China lithium-ion battery manufacturer that originally started with lead-acid batteries. As lithium-ion battery technology advanced, BSLBATT transformed its products to focus on the development and manufacture of LiFePo4 batteries. As a manufacturer, the BSLBATT brand may be little known, but there is no denying the technology and quality of their batteries.
They have recently launched an ultra-thin (only 9cm thick) solar wall battery, with an overall weight of 50kG, but this battery has a 15 year warranty and 6000 cycles @ 90% DOD, which is very competitive!
The BSLBATT lithium battery for solar solution has three main components:
Powerwall battries (5 capacity options: 5.12kWh / 8kWh / 8.8kWh / 10.24kWh / 14.36kWh / 15.56kWh);
Rack-mounted batteries (5 capacity options: 2.66 kWh / 5.12kWh / 6.8kWh / 8kWh / 8.8kWh / 10.24kWh / 14.36kWh / 15.56kWh)
High-voltage battery systems (MatchBOX HVS: 10.64kWh - 37.27kWh).
All products are made with proven Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP) battery chemistry.
BSLBATT home batteries have a very high degree of flexibility, covering battery capacities from 2.5kWh to 40kWh, the system can be used for applications such as solar storage, demand fulfillment, planned energy dispatch, and off-grid emergency power. In addition, one of the great advantages of being a factory is that BSLBATT supports custom lithium-ion batteries.
Solaredge has been a leading brand in the inverter industry for more than 10 years, and since its inception, SolarEdge has been developing innovative solutions to make solar energy more accessible. In 2022, they officially launched their own high-voltage home battery, the Energy Bank, with a capacity of 9.7kWh and a voltage of 400V, specifically for use with their Energy Hub inverter.
This home solar battery has a continuous power of 5kW and a peak power output of 7.5kW (10 seconds), which is low compared to most lithium solar batteries and may not be able to run some of the more powerful appliances. With the same inverter connected, the Energy Bank can be connected in parallel with up to three battery modules to achieve a storage capacity of nearly 30kWh. Outside of the first instance, Solaredge claims that the Energy Bank can achieve a round-trip battery efficiency of 94.5%, which means more energy for your home when performing inverter conversions. Like LG Chem, Solaredge's solar cells also use NMC electrochemical technology (but LG Chem has announced a switch to LiFePO4 as the primary cell component since its multiple fire incidents).
Briggs & Stratton is one of the largest U.S. manufacturers of outdoor power equipment engines, providing innovative products and diverse power solutions to help people get the job done. It has been in business for 114 years. In 2023, they acquired Simpliphipower to provide personalized home battery systems for American families.
The Briggs & Stratton SimpliPHI™ Battery, also using LiFePO4 battery technology, has a capacity of 4.9kWh per battery, can be paralleled with up to four batteries, and is compatible with most of the well-known inverters on the market. simpliphipower has been claiming 10,000 cycles @ 80% from the beginning to the end. The SimpliPHI™ Battery has an IP65 waterproof case and weighs 73 kg, probably because of the waterproof design, so they are heavier than equivalent 5kWh batteries (e.g. the BSLBATT PowerLine-5 weighs only 50 kg). ), it is still very difficult for one person to install the whole system. Note that this home battery is compatible with the Briggs & Stratton 6kW hybrid inverter!
The E3/DC company has been making some of the most popular power storage models for quite some time. The S10 home power plant also more than lives up to its reputation: with modern lithium-ion batteries, independence becomes a reality for your family. Depending on your needs, E3/DC offers the S10 home power plant in different versions, independence is a top priority, so all models come with the necessary components for storing and consuming solar power. An additional inverter is not necessary.
Due to the modular design, the home battery storage system can be expanded at any time. While the MINI version with a capacity of 3.3 to 6.5 kWh is suitable for smaller solar systems, the S10 E and S10 E PRO are designed for larger roof areas and higher consumption. With a capacity of 6.5 to 19.5 kWh, the S10 E home power plant is the ideal candidate in the electricity storage comparison for a power consumption of about 10,000 kWh, while the S10 E PRO reaches a capacity of up to 39 kWh due to its expandability with a battery cabinet and is thus suitable for a consumption of up to 24,000 kWh.
Founded in 2009 and located in Shanghai, China, Pylontech is a specialized lithium solar battery provider that delivers reliable energy storage solutions globally by integrating expertise in electrochemistry, power electronics, and systems integration. in 2023, Pylontech's shipments of home batteries are well ahead of the curve, making it the world's Pylontech's home battery shipments will be the world's largest by a wide margin in 2023.
Pylontech's residential batteries are also based on LiFePO4, but unlike other brands, Pylontech utilizes LiFePO4 cells, which are mainly soft-packed, and its main residential battery products include the US series and the FORCE series, which are characterized by high energy density and long cycle life, and are not suitable for use with HUB modules. 16 cells can be connected in parallel without HUB module.
Dyness is a Chinese company that specializes in the development and manufacturing of advanced energy storage solutions, particularly lithium-ion batteries. They focus on providing energy storage solutions for residential, commercial, and industrial applications, with an emphasis on high-performance and reliable products.
Dyness has technical staff from Pylontech, so their product program is very similar to Pylontech's, using the same soft pack LiFePO4, but with a wider range of products than Pylontech, including the PowerBox series of low voltage domestic battery solutions for wall mounted batteries and rack mounted batteries, as well as the Tower series of high voltage domestic battery solutions.
When you've decided on a home battery backup system, how do you find the best home battery for your needs? Key figures, such as the charge and discharge performance of the power storage capacity or storage unit are important benchmarks.
A solar power backup system should be well matched to the solar system in question in terms of capacity, performance and service life. If the residential battery storage is too small, the capacity may not be sufficient to use all the electricity from your PV system. On the other hand, if you choose a residential battery storage that is too large, its capacity will not be fully utilized by your system. Since larger battery storage units are significantly more expensive than smaller ones, the costs for the solar power backup system may eat up the potential savings from the use of self-generated solar power.
But the right dimensioning is also important from a technical point of view, because the service life of a battery can be significantly reduced by insufficient charging - a phenomenon that you may also be familiar with from your car battery. Your purchase decision should therefore be based on the fact that your home solar power backup system can be adapted as well as possible to your individual operating conditions. By the way, modern battery storage systems for electricity nowadays often have an emergency power function, which is very useful in the event of a power failure and, unlike the emergency generator, does not require any fuel.
Key Figures That Help You Decide
First of all, it is important to clarify which key figures exist for battery backup systems. Based on these key figures, you can ask yourself which of them are decisive for your purchase.
Cell chemistry refers to the materials that make up the batteries in your power storage unit. While for a long time lead-acid or lead-gel batteries were particularly popular for use in the private sector, lithium-ion batteries are now more commonly used. Due to their high energy density, these have established themselves on the market in recent years. Cell phones, laptops and electric cars also make use of this composition. Do you prefer inexpensive lead batteries or expensive lithium-ion batteries, which are more efficient?
The maximum charging and discharging capacity indicates the amount of power (in kilowatts) with which the storage unit can be charged and discharged. The higher the capacity, the faster the storage unit can be charged when the sun is shining and the larger the consumers that can be supplied with the stored electricity. The charging and discharging power you need for your electricity storage unit depends on the consumers you want to supply with it. The charging and discharging power of the BSLBATT is scalable, for example, the 10.12kWh Powerwall is 9.8kW, but when you use two modules in parallel, the power becomes 18.6kW. Importantly, this is not possible for all battery brands, such as LG Chem.
This is specified by the manufacturer in kilowatt hours (kWh) and should always match the PV power.
This often differs from the theoretical nominal capacity in practice because the final depth of charge reduces the actual capacity.
Inverters and battery inverters can be 1-phase or 3-phase and differ based on the amount of power they can feed into the home grid. 1-phase solar storage systems can feed up to 4.6 kW into the grid, which is ideal for most residential purposes, while 3-phase systems are well-suited for powering larger loads or in combination with photovoltaic systems with particularly large numbers of modules.
Whether a 1-phase or 3-phase electricity storage system is the right choice for you thus largely depends on the associated inverter.
To protect the solar battery from damage due to deep discharge, it can only be discharged to a final depth of charge specified by the manufacturer. This affects the actual usable battery capacity.
A distinction is made between full cycle (from full charge to maximum depth of discharge) and micro cycle (minor discharge and recharge). The service life of a battery storage unit is largely defined by the number of charge cycles.
The efficiency of the residential storage system is measured in terms of efficiency. Under optimal conditions, the efficiency of electricity storage systems is 90& to 98 %, which is very efficient. However, this value can vary based on the model, ambient temperature, and how the storage unit is handled during charging and discharging. Due to electronic control via inverters and charge controllers, every storage system loses a few percentage points compared to the theoretically achievable performance. Overall, modern electricity storage units have a low conversion loss, which means they provide high-performance energy conversion. Lead-acid batteries have a lower efficiency than lithium-ion batteries (approx. 75 % vs. approx. 90 %).
Just like your solar system, a residential solar battery is constantly operating to store the solar energy generated on the roof of your house. The equipment life of a storage system is shorter than that of a solar module. Lead-acid storage systems can last up to 10 years, while lithium-ion storage systems can last at least 20 years. Most manufacturers offer a 10-year warranty on your residential solar battery. Regardless of the number of charge cycles, batteries have a limited life expectancy. At the end of the cycle life, the original rated power is reduced to about 80 %.
This indicates how much power the power storage unit can be charged or discharged with. The greater the charging power, the faster the battery is charged in sunshine. The higher the discharge power, the larger the connected power consumers can be.
In fact, many users focus on key figures such as efficiency, battery capacity and service life when selecting a residential battery backup. In doing so, they often neglect the charging and discharging performance of the lithium batteries. However, this is very important for operating devices with electricity from PV systems. If your power backup system has a rather low charging capacity, it takes longer for the lithium batteries to be fully charged again. However, it is really problematic if the discharge capacity of residential battery backup is too low.
Logically, the operation of electricity-intensive appliances such as your washing machine or dryer is most worthwhile with free solar power. However, such power-hungry appliances are only supplied with energy via the residential battery backup if it has a sufficient discharge capacity. In addition to individual consumers with a great hunger for electricity, a large number of smaller appliances can also push the battery backup system to its limits. So even if you don't have any large consumers in mind when you buy, you should consider future purchases. This is especially true for charging an electric car with self-generated PV power. In case of doubt, the discharge capacity of your residential battery backup should be somewhat more generously dimensioned.
The integration of a wallbox for your electric car or the expansion of your household through new or larger application have an impact on your annual electricity demand. Thanks to a subsequent expansion of your home battery storage system, you can continue to sustainably cover your household electricity consumption.
As a rule, however, it is worthwhile to buy a larger home solar battery when purchasing the solar system including storage in order to avoid a later expansion and to cover such changes in electricity demand. (BSLBATT can provide the largest home lithium battery on the market with a single capacity of 20kWh.) If you still decided to buy a smaller storage battery system when purchasing your solar system, an expansion of your home battery storage system is still no problem in most cases.
You already have a solar system, but without a home battery storage system? Our experts will be happy to advise you on the selection of the right residential storage system for your existing PV system.
The charging and discharging capacity of home battery for PV systems usually depends on the lithium battery size or its capacity. Smaller batteries usually also have lower discharging power or charging power. However, high power ratings and large storage capacity are associated with higher purchase costs. Therefore, when buying, you should consider the following factors:
● Consumption patterns: If you need electricity primarily when the sun is not shining, the home battery backup system must be larger than if you use most of the energy during the day.
● Annual power consumption: Depending on the number and consumption patterns of the residents, you should consider the average annual power consumption when choosing the home battery storage.
● System size: As mentioned at the beginning, the size of the home battery and the size of the system must be matched. If the PV system generates more electricity than you can store, this is just as unfavorable as an unnecessarily large and expensive battery backup system that is only partially used.
● Degree of self-sufficiency: If you are aiming for greater self-sufficiency from the power grid, the home battery must also be larger.
● Self-consumption: The more electricity you want to generate for self-consumption, the more battery backup system capacity you need. If, on the other hand, you want to feed more electricity into the public grid, the home battery storage can be dimensioned smaller.
Battery backup system make it possible to use the solar electricity generated at a later point in time. Electricity that is not consumed directly does not necessarily have to be fed into the public grid immediately. Instead, the photovoltaic self-consumption increases and thus also the savings. Because of the decreasing feed-in tariff, a high level of self-consumption is economically particularly profitable. So you save money with every kilowatt hour of solar power that you consume.
At the same time, you are doing something good for our environment by making the best possible use of your solar energy. In order to benefit from the advantages of your own photovoltaic system, you should also buy a home solar battery. You can find out which model is right for you in our BSLBATT Website. Our experienced lithium battery expert are always available by phone to give you advice and support.